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Вкусовые стимуляторы: эргогенный эффект в спорте

Видео | 11 января 2021
Вкусовые СТИМУЛЯТОРЫ? Сладкий, горький, острота и ментол. ЭРГОГЕННЫЙ эффект в СПОРТЕ
CMT — Научный подход

Этот выпуск посвящён вкусовым стимуляторам и их возможностям, что сейчас начали активно исследовать учёные. Сладкое, горечь, острое и ментол: могут ли эти вкусы иметь эргогенический эффект — то есть такой эффект, который может изменить вашу работоспособность?

В этом выпуске вы узнаете:

— Что такое вкус?
— Какие бывают вкусы?
— Что такое эргогенность и почему её исследуют?
— Какие причины потери обоняния?
— В каких частях тела есть вкусовые рецепторы?
— Что такое вкусовые стимуляторы?
— Может ли сладкое и углеводы повысить работоспособность?
— Повышают ли подсластители уровень сахара в крови?
— Какие есть исследования в области вкусовых стимуляторов?
— Может ли горечь быть стимулятором?
— Зачем люди пьют хинин?
— Может ли перец чили стимулировать?
— А может ли это делать ментол?


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  2. An evolutionary perspective on food review and human taste
  3. Genetics of taste receptors
  4. Genetics of taste and smell: poisons and pleasures
  5. The pharmacology of bitter taste receptors and their role in human airways
  6. Taste receptors in the upper airway
  7. On the psychological impact of food colour
  8. Variation in thermally induced taste response across thermal tasters
  9. Just how much of what we taste derives from the sense of smell?
  10. Flavor is in the brain
  11. Perception of specific trigeminal chemosensory agonists
  12. Menthol: a fresh ergogenic aid for athletic performance
  13. Intermittent sprint performance in the heat is not altered by augmenting thermal perception via l-menthol or capsaicin mouth rinses
  14. Acute capsaicin supplementation improves resistance training performance in trained men
  15. The governor has a sweet tooth – mouth sensing of nutrients to enhance sports performance
  16. Are caffeine’s performance-enhancing effects partially driven by its bitter taste?
  17. Carbohydrate mouth rinse effects on exercise capacity in pre- and postprandial states
  18. Carbohydrate sensing in the human mouth: effects on exercise performance and brain activity
  19. The effects of menthol on exercise performance and thermal sensation: a meta-analysis
  20. New insights into enhancing maximal exercise performance through the use of a bitter tastant
  21. Autonomic nervous system responses associated with primary tastes
  22. Autonomic nervous system responses to sweet taste: evidence for habituation rather than pleasure
  23. The bitter truth is sweeter than we thought
  24. What Is Anosmia?
  25. Quinine, an old anti-malarial drug in a modern world
  26. Анатомия вкуса: перевод статьи "The Anatomy of Flavor"
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  29. Effects of TRP channel agonist ingestion on metabolism and autonomic nervous system in a randomized clinical trial of healthy subjects
  30. Role of cold receptors and menthol in thirst, the drive to breathe and arousal
  31. Cold pleasure. Why we like ice drinks, ice-lollies and ice cream
  32. Oral l-menthol reduces thermal sensation, increases work-rate and extends time to exhaustion, in the heat at a fixed rating of perceived exertion
  33. The effects of swilling an l (-)-menthol solution during exercise in the heat
  34. Running performance and thermal sensation in the heat are improved with menthol mouth rinse but not ice slurry ingestion
  35. Consensus statement on placebo effects in sports and exercise: the need for conceptual clarity, methodological rigour, and the elucidation of neurobiological mechanisms
  36. The development of a menthol solution for use during sport and exercise
  37. Systematic review: carbohydrate supplementation on exercise performance or capacity of varying durations
  38. Effect of carbohydrate ingestion on glucose kinetics and muscle metabolism during intense endurance exercise
  39. The effect of glucose infusion on glucose kinetics during a 1-h time trial
  40. Effect of mouth-rinsing carbohydrate solutions on endurance performance
  41. Oral carbohydrate sensing and exercise performance
  42. Can carbohydrate mouth rinse improve performance during exercise? a systematic review
  43. Effects of carbohydrate mouth rinse on cycling time trial performance: a systematic review and meta-analysis
  44. Neural systems controlling food intake and energy balance in the modern world
  45. Metabolic sensing in brain dopamine systems, pp 69-86
  46. The central governor model of exercise regulation applied to the marathon
  47. Perception of effort during exercise is independent of afferent feedback from skeletal muscles, heart, and lungs
  48. Sucrose activates human taste pathways differently from artificial sweetener
  49. Neural correlates of tasting concentrated quinine and sugar solutions
  50. Mouth rinsing and ingesting a bitter solution improves sprint cycling performance
  51. Mouth rinsing with a bitter solution without ingestion does not improve sprint cycling performance
  52. Gustatory expression pattern of the human TAS2R bitter receptor gene family reveals a heterogenous population of bitter responsive taste receptor cells
  53. Mouth rinsing and ingestion of a bitter-tasting solution increases corticomo- tor excitability in male competitive cyclists
  54. The Taste of Caffeine, 2017
  55. The molecular receptive ranges of human TAS2R bitter taste receptors
  56. Wake up and smell the coffee: caffeine supplementation and exercise performance
  57. Effects of caffeine and carbohydrate mouth rinses on repeated sprint performance
  58. The effect of a caffeinated mouth-rinse on endurance cycling time-trial performance
  59. Carbohydrate and caffeine mouth rinses do not affect maximum strength and muscular endurance performance
  60. Influence of a caffeine mouth rinse on sprint cycling following glycogen depletion
  61. Caffeine and 3-km cycling performance: effects of mouth rinsing, genotype, and time of day
  62. Effect of carbohydrate, caffeine, and carbohydrate + caffeine mouth rinsing on intermittent running performance in collegiate male lacrosse athletes
  63. The effect of caffeine mouth rinse on self-paced cycling performance
  64. Cognitive performance enhancement induced by caffeine, carbohydrate and guarana mouth rinsing during submaximal exercise
  65. A caffeine-maltodextrin mouth rinse counters mental fatigue
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  67. Capsaicin: current understanding of its mechanisms and therapy of pain and other pre-clinical and clinical uses
  68. The salty and burning taste of capsaicin
  69. The capsaicin receptor: a heat-activated ion channel in the pain pathway
  70. Effect of capsaicin supplementation on repeated sprinting performance
  71. Acute capsaicin supplementation improves 1,500-m running time-trial performance and rate of perceived exertion in physically active adults
  72. Capsaicin supplementation increases time to exhaustion in high-intensity intermittent exercise without modifying metabolic responses in physically active men
  73. Characterization of functional TRPV1 channels in the sarcoplasmic reticulum of mouse skeletal muscle
  74. Does capsaicin affect physiologic and thermal responses of males during immersion in 22 degrees C?
  75. Capsiate, a nonpungent capsaicin analog, increases endurance swimming capacity of mice by stimulation of vanilloid receptors
  76. Autonomic nervous activity and lipid oxidation postexercise with capsaicin in the humans
  77. Dietary red pepper ingestion increases carbohydrate oxidation at rest and during exercise in runners
  78. Dose-dependent effect of capsaicin on endurance capacity in rats
  79. Increase in swimming endurance capacity of mice by capsaicin- induced adrenal catecholamine secretion
  80. Swimming capacity of mice is increased by oral administration of a nonpungent capsaicin analog, stearoyl vanillylamide
  81. TRP channel functions in the gastrointestinal tract. Semin Immunopathol
  82. Visceral and somatic sensory function in functional dyspepsia
  83. TRPV1 activation and induction of nociceptive response by a non-pungent capsaicin-like compound, capsiate
  84. Menthol: a refreshing look at this ancient compound
  85. New compounds with the menthol cooling effect
  86. Topical and ingested cooling methodologies for endurance exercise performance in the heat
  87. Thresholds for odor and nasal pungency
  88. Chemosensory properties of the trigeminal system
  89. Same same but different. different trigeminal chemoreceptors share the same central pathway
  90. Age-related effects on the threshold, psychophysical function, and pleasantness of menthol
  91. How trigeminal, taste and aroma perceptions are affected in mint-flavored carbonated beverages
  92. Physical and perceptual cooling with beverages to increase cycle performance in a tropical climate
  93. Precooling does not enhance the effect on performance of midcooling with ice-slush/menthol
  94. Ingestion of a cold temperature/menthol beverage increases outdoor exercise performance in a hot, humid environment
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  96. Experimental provocation of “ice-cream headache” by ice cubes and ice water
  97. L-Menthol mouth rinse or ice slurry ingestion during the latter stages of exercise in the heat provide a novel stimulus to enhance performance despite elevation in mean body temperature

Читайте перевод научного исследования от СМТ, на основе которого был создан выпуск.